French-English Occupation List



French

English

accoucheur

obstetrician

accoucheuse

midwife

adjoint du maire

mayor's assistant

adjudicateur

judge, awarder

agriculteur

farmer, husbandman

apiculteur

beekeeper

apothicaire

pharmacist

appariteur

porter

apprenti

apprentice

appreteur

hat trimmer or finisher

archiviste

records keeper

armurier

armorer, gunsmith

arpenteur

land surveyor

arpete

errand boy, apprentice

arquebusier

gunsmith

arrimeur

stevedore

artisan

handicraftsman

aubergiste

innkeeper

aviculteur

poultry farmer

avocat

lawyer, barrister

bachoteur

ferryman

banquier

money agent, banker

baquetier

bucket maker

bardeur

stone carrier

barilleur or barillier

cooper

barnum

showman

barreur

helmsman

becheur

ditch digger

bedeau

church caretaker

berger

shepherd

bijoutier

jeweller

bineur

hoer (farmer)

blanchissage de toile

fabric washer

boiseur

timberman (mining)

bonne

maid, female servant

bonnetier

hosier

bossetier

glass blower

boucher

butcher

boulanger

baker

bourgeois

townsman, citizen

bourrelier

harness maker

bousilleur

adobe builder

boutonnier

button maker

bouvier

herdsman, cowherder

braconnier

poacher

brasseur

brewer

brassier

farmworker, laborer

brigadier de foret

drill sergeant

briqueteur

bricklayer

briquetier

brick maker

bucheron

woodcutter

burineur

engraver

cabaretier

tavern-keeper

calfata

ship's caulker

calottier

cap maker

calvanier

laborer in harvest time

cambrioleur

burglar

cannonier

gunner (cannon)

Cantonnier

Roadmender

canut

silk weaver

Capitaine de Milice

Captain of the Militia

Capitaine de Navire

ship's captain

Capitaine de Port

port captain

Capitaine de troupes

troop captain

Capitaine de vaisseau

ship's captain

capitoril

town councellor

Cardeur Carder

wool comber

carreleur

floor tiler

carrier

quarryman

cartomancien

fortune teller

cartonneur

book binder

casquettier

helmet maker

centurier

maker of belts

chamoiseur

tawer (leather worker)

champetre

village policeman

Chandler

Candle maker

chanvrier

hemp dea

Chapelier

Hatter

Charbonnier

Charcoal maker

charcutier

pork merchant

charlot

public executioner (1700s)

charpentier

carpenter, shipwright

Charpentier puis coloriste

Carpenter and painter

charretier

waggoner

charron

wheelwright

chartier/tabellion

charter writer

chasseur

hunter

châtelain

owner of a castle

chatreur

gelder

chaudronnier

brazier, ironmonger or cooper, barrel maker

chaussetier

hosier

chausseur

shoe salesman

chef d'escadron

cavarly major

chemisier

shirt maker

cheriere

goat girl

chevalier-errant

knight-errant

chevau-leger

light cavalryman

chevaucheur

rider, horseman

chimiste

chemist

chirurgien

surgeon

chronometreur

time keeper

cingleur

shingler

cirier

was worker

ciseleur

carver, sculptor

clergé

clergymen

cloutier

nail maker

cocher

coachman, driver

colon

colonist, planter, farmer

colporteur

hawker

commercant

trader, merchant

commis

clerk

compagnon

journeyman, partner

concierge

doorkeeper, janitor

conducteur de moutons

sheep herder

conseiller

councilor

conteur

story teller

Cordier

ropemaker

cordonnier

shoemaker

corroyeur

currier, leather worker

corsetier

corset maker

courrier

messenger, courier

coutelier

cutler

couturier

seamstress

couvreur

roofer

cuisinier

cook

cultivateur

farmer

defricheur

clearer, settler

degrossisseur

one who rough hews, trims

degustateur

wine taster

dentellière

lacemaker

dentiste

dentist

devancier

predecessor, ancestor

diacre

deacon

docteur médical

medical doctor

domestique

servant, domestic

drapier

clothier

emouleur

traveling blade shapener

entrepreneur

undertaker echevin

epicier

grocer

escrimeur

fencer

essayeur

assayer, estimator

étameur

tinsmith

fabricant de bas

Maker of stockings

fabricant de chapelet

rosary maker

fabricant de tisser

loom maker

fabricant de tremblement

quiver maker

facteur

postman or railway porter

facturier

invoice clerk

faiseur de balais

brush maker

faiseur de panier

basket maker

fantassin

foot soldier, infantryman

farinier

miller/flour seller

fauconnier

falconer

femme de chambre

parlor maid

femme de charge

housekeeper

ferblantier

tinsmith

fermier

tenant farmer

ferrant

shoeing smith

fileur de coton

cotton spinner

fileur de laines

wool spinner

filbustier

buccaneer

flottard

naval cadet

fontainier

fountain-maker

forban

pirate

forestier

forester

forgeron

blacksmith

forgeron d'outils

tool maker

fouilleur

excavator

fourbisseur

furbisher, sword cutter

fournier

oven keeper

francs-tenancier

freeholder

fromager

cheese maker

fuyard

fugitive, runaway

gainier

sheath/scabbard, maker

gagne-deniers

unskilled worker

gagne-petit

knife grinder

gantier

glove maker

garcon tailleur

journeyman tailor

garde de champetre

constable

garde de cheval

horse gaurd

geolier

jailer

gigolette

street walker

giletier

waistcoat maker

gindre or geindre

journeyman baker

goujat

soldiers servant, hod carrier

gourgandine

harlot

grade

noncommissioned offiecer

grand seigneur

grand lord

greeur

rigger

greffier

court clerk or recorder

gueusard, gueux

beggar, ragamuffin

hacheur de paille

strawcutter

haleur

hauler, boat tower

hardier

shepherd

harengere

fish-wife

herbiere

herb woman

histrion

actor, stage player

homme de cheval

horseman

homme de journee

day laborer

homme de loi

lawyer

homme de peine

laborer

horloger

clock maker

hotelier

innkeeper, host

huissier

usher

immigre

settler, immigrant

imprimeur

printer, pressman

inconnu

unknown person

jardinier

gardener

joueur de marionette

puppeteer

journalier

journeyman, day laborer

juge

judge

juge de paix

Justice of the Peace

laboureur

A peasant who is often well off, possessor of land and at least one yoke [of oxen], which permits him to plow for himself and for others

laineur

tea seller

lainier

wool merchant, worker

lamaneur

harbor or river pilot

lampiste

lampmaker, lamplighter

larron

thief, robber

débitant de tabac

tobacco dealer

lepreux

leper

lignager

kinsman

limur

filer, wood finisher

lisseur

polisher

loueru

hirer out, hired hand

loueur de bateaux

boat keeper

lunetier

spectacle maker, optician

lutteur

wrestler

macon

mason

magister

village schoolmaster

malletier

trunk maker

maltotier

tax gatherer

mandant

employer

manoeuvre

common worker

maquignon

horse dealer, go between

marbrier

marble cutter, polisher

marcaire

stable person

marchand d'eau-de-vie

liquor merchant

marchand de bestiaux

Cattle merchant

marchand de blé

corn chandler

marchand de draps

cloth merchant

marchand de epicery

canned goods merchant

marchand de fers

Iron merchant

marchand de porcs

pig merchant

mareyeur

fish salesman

marie

married man

marieur

matchmaker

marqueur (euse)

marker, scorer, tally keeper

marteleur

hammerman

mastroquet

pub keeper

matelot

sailor, seaman

megissier

tawer, leather dresser

mendiant

beggar

menuisier

joiner, carpenter

mercier

draper

messire

sire, master, squire

Metayer

Sharecropper

meunier

miller

milicier

militiaman

miroitier

looking glass maker, vendor

monnayeur

coiner, minter

mousse

cabin boy, ship boy

musicien

musician

negociant

merchant or wholesaler

nocher

pilot, boatman

nourrice

wet nurse

nourrisseur

cow keeper, cattle feeder

oiseleur

bird catcher, fowler

ornemaniste

sculptor, painter of ornaments

outilleur

tool maker

ouvriere

workingwoman

pailleur

dealer in straw

panetier

bread store keeper

pantouflier

slipper maker

paqueteur

packer

parcheminier

parchment maker

parqueteur

floor layer

pasteur

pastor

patachon

steersman, coach driver

pâtre

herdsman, shepherd

peaussier

skinner, skin dresser

pecheur

fisherman

peignier

comb maker, seller

peintre

painter

perruquier

barber wigmaker

pharmacien

pharmacist

piqueur

outrider, overseer

plumassier

feather merchant

pompier

pump maker, fireman

pontier

bridge keeper

porcelainier

porcelain maker, worker

porcher

swine herder

portageur

toter, carrier

porteballe

pedlar, packman

portefaix

porter, street porter

porteflambeau

torchbearer, linkman

poseur

one who lays down stones

posticheur

wig maker

potier

potter

poudrier

gunpowder maker

pousse-cailloux

footslogger, infantryman

precepteur

tutor, teacher

proprietaire

landholder

proviseur

headmaster

pugilistes

boxer, fighter

putain

whore

radoubeur

ship repairer, caulker

rapetasseur

piecer, patcher, cobbler

ravaudeur

mender

recenseur

census taker, enumerator

redresseur de torts

knight-errant

regisseur de biens

register of goods

regleur

regulator (of clocks)

regrattier

huckster, dealer in vegetables & cheese

relieur

bookbinder

relieur de livres

bookbinder of books

renardier

fox catcher

rentier

shareholder

repasseur de couteaux

knife grinder

repasseuse

ironer

robin

lawyer

robinetier

brass smith

rocailleur

rockworker maker

ronchonnot

old retired officer

rouleur

traveling journeyman

roulier

wagoner, carter, carrier

sabotier

sabot-maker, woodenshoemaker

sabreur

swashbuckler, cavalry soldier

sage femme

midwife

saigneur

bleeder, blood letter

sandalier

sandal maker

sans-patrie

person without a country

saucier

sauce maker, sauce setter

savant

scholar, scientist

savonnier

soap maker

scieur de long

pit sawyer

sculpteur doreur

sculptor gilder

sergent de ville

policeman

seigneur

lord, nobleman

sellier

saddler

serrurier

locksmith

servreuse

dry nurse

sicaire

hired assassin

sommelier

butler, cellarman

soudard

old soldier, mercenary

souffleur de verre

glass blower

taillandier

edge tool maker

tailleur d'habits

tailor

tailleur de pierre

stone cutter

tanneur

tanner

taupier

mole catcher

tavernier

tavern keeper

taxateur

taxer, assessor

teinturier

dyer

tendeur

setter of snares

teneur de livres

bookkeeper

terrassier

digger

timonier

steersman, helmsman

tirailleur

sharpshooter, skirmisher

tireur

marksman, rifleman

tisserand

weaver

tisseur

weaver

tisseur en soie

silk weaver

toilier

dealer in linen

tonnelier

cooper

tourneur

turner

trafiquant

trafficker or trader

traitant

tax farmer

travailleur

worker, labourer

trayeur

milker

tricoteur

knitter

tuilier

tile maker

usinier

manufacturer, mill owner

vannier

basket maker

veilleur de nuit

night watchman

veloutier

velvet weaver

vendeur d'habillement

clothing salesm

verrier

glass maker

vieux troupier

old campaigner

vigneron

vine-dresser

vilain

village peasant

vitrier

glassmaker, glazier

voleur

thief, robber

voituier

carrier, carter or builder of carriages

vrillier

gimlet maker

zingueur

zinc worker